French Christmas Vocabulary to Celebrate Christmas in France

Updated: March 13, 2021 by Mylene in French Vocabulary

french christmas vocabulary

Christmas is Noël in French, Noël is masculine in French: un Noël. We usually use the word Noël without any article. The great things about Christmas are putting up the decorations, eating foods, and spending time with the family.

Let’s learn some generic French vocabulary and discover traditions and foods!

In this article, you’ll learn:

Christmas in France

It’s important to know how to speak about Christmas in French. Between November and January, you can expect to see lights being hung, trees being put up, and presents being wrapped in France.

In this season, you might want to review how to talk about seasons in French or review the list of months in French.

illuminations de noel france

The month of December in France

Every kid and some adults have an advent calendar for December. Every day they open a tiny flap, which reveals a special picture, an activity, or a little present.

  • L’avent: the advent
  • The day of Noël is le 25 décembre (December 25 th)
  • La veille de Noël: Christmas Eve
  • Le Réveillon de Noël: the Christmas meal and party
calendrier de l avent

French Christmas foods and drinks

French families have their big meal the night before Noël, on Christmas Eve (le réveillon).

Each French region has its own traditional food. It depends on the regions where traditional food can be goose, turkeys, or oysters.

When it comes to dessert, however, many French families look to the same dessert: la bûche de Noël (Yule log).

Other parts of France have their own traditions, too, and if you’re lucky enough to be in Provence, you can expect to sample up to 13 desserts!

Let’s see the main Christmas food vocabulary:

  • L’apéritif : before meal drinks and finger food
  • L’entrée: the first course
  • Le plat principal: the main course

Le plat principal: the main course

  • Du saumon fumé: smoked salmon
  • Des huîtres: oysters
  • Du foie-gras: foie gras
  • La volaille: fowl
  • Un magret de canard: duck breast
  • Une dinde: turkey
  • Le boudin blanc: white pudding

Le fromage: cheese

  • Un plateau de fromages: cheese

Le dessert: dessert

  • Les treize desserts (13 desserts): a Christmas tradition from Provence
  • La Bûche de Noël: Christmas Yule log cake
  • Des truffes au chocolat: chocolate truffles
  • Des marrons glacés: candied chestnuts
  • Des marrons chauds: roasted chestnuts
  • Un bonhomme en pain d’épice: gingerbread man

La boisson: drinks

  • Du vin chaud: spiced wine
  • Kir royal: Kir royal
buche de noel

French Christmas Greetings

Here is also a list of best wishes and greetings you can use this season:

  • Joyeux Noël: Merry Christmas
  • Joyeuses fêtes de fin d’année: Happy Holidays!
  • Bonnes Fêtes! Happy Holidays
  • Je vous souhaite un joyeux Noël: I wish you a merry Christmas!
joyeux noel

Christmas Ornaments Vocabulary

Christmas lights and decorations is as popular in France as it is in other celebrating countries around the world.

  • Les décorations de Noël: Christmas ornaments
  • Un sapin de Noël: a Christmas tree
  • Une guirlande: a garland
  • Une étoile: a star
  • Une guirlande électrique: a string of lights
  • Une couronne: a wreath
  • Un renne: a reindeer
  • Du gui: mistletoe
  • Du houx: holly
decorations noël france

Manger Vocabulary

There are a number of places across France in which you can attend carol services on Christmas Eve. By the way, you’ll generally find a manger inside the churches in France.

  • Une crèche: a manger
  • Une prière: a prayer
  • La messe de Noël: Christmas mass

Inside a manger you have:

  • La Vierge Marie: the Virgin Mary
  • Joseph: Joseph
  • Le petit Jésus: baby Jesus
  • Un âne: a donkey
  • Un boeuf: an ox
  • Un ange: an angel
  • Les Rois Mages: the 3 Kings
  • L’étoile: the star
  • Un berger: a shepherd
  • Un mouton: a sheep
  • Little figurines called santon in Provence.

To read more about santons, the Provençal’s little saints, you can read this article: The Santons of Provence: A History

creche noël

Verbs for Christmas

The best part of Christmas isn’t the delicious food or the presents… it’s spending time with people you care about.

  • Passer Noël en famille: to spend Christmas with your family
  • Faire un festin: to feast
  • Faire la cuisine: to cook
  • Décorer la maison: to decorate the house

Christmas is the time for giving and receiving presents, which are things that you give to others as a gift.

  • Emballer un cadeau: to wrap a present
  • Faire des cadeaux: to give away gifts
  • Ouvrir des cadeaux: open presents
  • Descendre dans la cheminée: to go down the fireplace
specialites de noel france

Santa in French

Giving and receiving presents is one of the major parts of the Christmas season in France.

When you were a child, you might have believed in Santa Claus, a very happy and friendly man. Santa is Père Noël in French.

Santa wears a red coat, pants, and hat. He gives out presents on Christmas Eve to children around the world.

Santa has little magical people called les elfs (or les lutins) elves to help him make all the toys and other presents.

  • Un traineau: a sleigh
  • Un renne: a reindeer
  • Un elf: an elf
  • Un cadeau: a gift
  • Une cheminée: a fireplace
  • Du lait: milk
  • Des biscuits: cookies
  • Écrire une lettre au Père Noël: to write Santa a letter
  • Une carte de noël: Christmas card
  • Un chant de noël: Christmas carol
bonhomme pain epice

Local Celebrations in France

In France you can find many festive activities going on in towns all throughout the month of December.

One of the best-loved Christmas events is le marché de Noël (Christmas market). Be sure to visit at least one Christmas market to discover:

  • local foods and drinks
  • crafts and artisanal gifts
  • make a photo with Santa

By the way one of the biggest Christmas markets takes place in Strasbourg.

marche de noel

French Christmas songs

  • Vive le vent (Jingle Bells) has exactly the same tune as the English version.
  • Learn the most famous song Petit Papa Noël. Papa Noël is Santa in French.

Petit Papa Noel, like other songs, is an amazing way to learn French. Read French Christmas Songs to read the lyrics of Petit Papa Noel.

sapin de noel france

Christmas tradition in France

If you want to give your concierge or your child’s teacher a gift in France, you will normally buy them une étrenne (New Year’s gifts).

It’s a small present given out to private and public workers in France. You can cook some biscuits or buy some chocolate as you wish.

Now you’re ready to celebrate Christmas in French.

Joyeuses fêtes ! 

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French Christmas Songs

merry christmas in french with music note

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